Licker-Haney-Maxwell Papers

Licker Haney Maxwell

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Title: Licker-Haney-Maxwell Papers

Dates: Bulk 1933-1990

Creator: Ethel Licker Haney, Bertha Licker, Esther Licker Maxwell

Summary/Abstract: The Licker Haney Maxwell Papers are comprised of approximately 1000 items consisting of correspondence, books, news clippings, photographs, various printed material and other ephemera. The collection documents local history pertaining to Soule College, Tennessee College for Women, the public square, the Cason-Thomas and Goldstein families, The Cotton Patch, General Douglas MacArthur’s 1953 visit to Murfreesboro and Murfreesboro natives Jean Faircloth MacArthur and Jesse Beesley. The collection also documents Ethel Haney’s career in Los Angeles and her friendships with designer Gilbert Adrian, actress Joan Crawford and several other Hollywood celebrities. Esther’s involvement with local theatre and Bertha Licker’s involvement with the Red Cross are also documented.

Quantity/Physical Description: Approximately 4 linear feet

Language(s): English

Repository: Albert Gore Research Center, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, (615) 898-2632

Restrictions on Access: None

Copyright: It is presumed that corporate and individual copyrights in manuscripts, photographs, and other materials have been retained by the copyright owners. Copyright restrictions apply. Users of materials should seek necessary permissions from the copyright holders to comply with U.S. copyright laws.

Preferred Citation: (Box Number, Folder Number), Licker, Haney, Maxwell Papers, Albert Gore Research Center, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Acquisition: Ethel Licker Haney, 1995

Processed By: Original Processor undetermined

Arrangement: These papers are arranged into five series: Correspondence, Ephemera, Literature, Newsclippings, and Printed Material.

Biographical Note: Sam Licker, (July 2, 1869 - June 27, 1950) came to Murfreesboro in 1887 from Kovna, Poland. After arriving, he went to work for William Goldstein, also a native of Kovna, in Goldstein’s clothing store on the public square. Licker married Goldstein’s sister-in-law Sarah Cohen (April 16, 1875- December 27, 1946), a native of Vilna, Poland.

The couple owned and operated a store also located on the public square. Like Goldstein, Licker sold clothing, however, at a more competitive rate. The store was originally located on the corner of West Main and South Maple streets, but he later moved it to the South side of the square.

Sam and Sarah had three daughters, Ethel (1900 to April 19, 1997), Esther and Bertha. The three sisters attended Soule College, an exclusive school for girls located on Maple Street, and the preparatory division of the Tennessee College for Women located on the present site of Central Middle School. While attending Soule College, Ethel became close friends with Murfreesboro native Jean Marie Faircloth, the future Mrs. Douglas MacArthur.

In 1918, Ethel married Roy E. (Jack) Haney. Soon after her marriage, she continued her family’s interest in the garment industry and went to work at Gus Mayer Co. in New Orleans. In 1928 she moved to Los Angeles where she was employed by I. Magnin, one of the city’s most exclusive clothiers. After a year, she went to work at Bullocks Wilshire in Hollywood and remained there for 12 years. In 1942 her friend, chief costume designer for MGM Gilbert Adrian, opened his own store and brought Ethel along as one of his chief sales women. Adrian is perhaps best known for two contributions to American cinema and fashion design. Not only did he design the costumes for the American classic, “The Wizard of OZ,” but he was also responsible for the “coat hanger” shoulder pad look made famous by screen legend, and friend of Ethel, Joan Crawford. While working for Adrian, Ethel also became friends with Mary Martin, Margaret Sullivan, and Mrs. Joe E. Brown.

Esther married Gatlinburg newspaper editor Philip H. Maxwell. The two later divorced. After returning to Murfreesboro, Esther continued her interest in journalism serving as the editor of “Wings For Victory,” a newsletter published by Sky Harbor airport.

Bertha, who never married, was affectionately known by her sisters as "Butch” or “the Nun.” Bertha was active in the American Red Cross, serving as one of its “Gray Ladies.”

After Sam and Sarah Licker’s deaths, the sisters moved to Florida in the early 1950’s where they owned and operated a dairy store. The sisters returned to Murfreesboro by 1953.

In 1953, Ethel welcomed to Murfreesboro her childhood friend Jean MacArthur and her husband, General Douglas MacArthur. The couple’s visit to Murfreesboro included a visit to Middle Tennessee State College.

In the mid 1950’s, the sisters opened the Cotton Patch, a women’s clothing boutique. The store was first located on Maple Street but later moved to Jackson Heights Plaza on Broad Street. The sisters were carrying on a tradition that their parents began eighty years previous. They sold the store twelve years later.

In the late seventies Joe Simms, a high school teacher, contacted Ethel hoping she might help him locate owners of original Adrian creations. The Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania high school at which Simms taught was actively looking to enlarge its collection of Adrian creations. The two became good friends and Ethel was an important source for both original Adrian information and designs. Due in part to Ethel’s assistance, Cheltenham Township High School was able to present several exhibitions across the country featuring Gilbert Adrian’s creations.

At the end of their lives, the sisters retired to their home on Cherry Lane, where they became living links to Murfreesboro’s past. In 1995, Ethel donated her papers, photographs, and ephemera to the Albert Gore Research Center. Included in that collection of papers were items collected by her two other sisters as well. Ethel Licker Haney died April 19, 1997. Bertha Licker died November 12, 1992, and Esther Maxwell died April 10, 2000.

Scope and Content: These papers include personal correspondence, photographs, and family papers of Sam and Sarah Licker, especially of their daughter Ethel Licker Haney, as well as celebrity correspondence including that with Ms. Haney's lifelong friend, Jean Faircloth (Mrs. Douglas Mac Arthur) and Hollywood celebrities with whom Ms. Haney became acquainted while working in the Hollywood fashion industry during the 1930s and 1940s.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1933-1990 (2 boxes, 46 folders)
This series includes personal correspondence between the Licker sisters and their friends and relatives; Ethel Licker Haney’s correspondence with Adrian Collection administrator Joe Simms, Jean Faircloth MacArthur, Joan Crawford, and other Hollywood personalities.

Series 2: Ephemera (2 boxes, 6 folders)
In this series there are the personal items of the sisters and the Licker family, including a marriage certificate, a diploma from Tennessee College for Women, and a christening gown.

Series 3: Literature (2 boxes, 12 folders)
All items in this series were personally collected by Ethel Licker Haney. The literature covers her professional interest in fashion and different religious literature from the Church of Christ and Christian Science. Her friendships with Joan Crawford and Jean MacArthur led to a collection of works on both Joan Crawford and Jean’s husband, Douglas MacArthur.

Series 4: Newsclippings (1 box, 32 folders)
This series contains information about local history including The Cotton Patch (the Licker sisters’ clothing store), Crichlow school, Murfreesboro Bank and Trust, Soule College (a girls academy), local theater, J. C. Bradford, the MacArthurs’ visit to Murfreesboro, astronaut Rhea Seddon, artist Jesse Beesley, and the Licker and Goldstein families.

Series 5: Printed Material (1 box, 14 folders)
Most items in this series are booklets, brochures, or programs from various functions or groups. Also included are receipts from funerals and from Ethel Licker Haney’s time as an employee of Bullocks-Wilshire.

Associated Materials: All photographs and negatives from the Licker Collection are stored separately in the Licker Photograph Collection.

Related Collections: The Goldstein Papers contain relevant material as the Licker and Goldstein families were related. William Goldstein’s and Sam Licker’s wives were sisters. The Aaron Weise Papers may also relate, as Aaron Weise married Leah Goldstein.

Subject Terms

Persons
Sam Licker
Sarah Goldstein Licker
William Goldstein
Ethel Licker Haney
Bertha Licker
Esther Licker Maxwell
Jean Faircloth MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
Joe Simms
Gilbert Adrian
Joan Crawford

Places
Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Los Angeles, California

Subjects (General)
Clothing
Women’s Fashion
Hollywood Fashion

Material Types
Photographs
Negatives
Booklets
Brochures
Programs
Correspondence
Books
News Clippings
Ephemera

Inventory:

Box

Folder

Series

Description of Contents

1

1

Correspondence

Bertha, Sam Licker

1

2

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Christmas Cards

1

3

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Cotton Patch

1

4

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Funerals

1

5

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Goldstein

1

6

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Sam Licker Death

1

7

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Miscellaneous

1

8

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, MTSU Historic Costume

1

9

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Murfreesboro Bank & Trust

1

10

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Cousin Peggy

1

11

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Rhea Seddon

1

12

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Paige Thomas

1

13

Correspondence

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Zeigler Family

1

14

Correspondence

Ethel, 20th Century Fox

1

15

Correspondence

Ethel, Addresses

1

16

Correspondence

Ethel, Adrian

1

17

Correspondence

Ethel, Ella Brown

1

18

Correspondence

Ethel, Calling Cards

1

19

Correspondence

Ethel, Celebrities, Miscellaneous

1

20

Correspondence

Ethel, Christian Science

1

21

Correspondence

Ethel, Joan & Christina Crawford

1

22

Correspondence

Ethel, Ethel Licker Haney

1

23

Correspondence

Ethel, Jack Haney

1

24

Correspondence

Ethel, Sara Frances Haney

1

25

Correspondence

Ethel, Kahlil Gibran Guild

2

1

Correspondence

Ethel, Jean Faircloth MacArthur

2

2

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous

2

3

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1940s

2

4

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1950s

2

5

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1960s

2

6

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1970s

2

7

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1980s

2

8

Correspondence

Ethel, Miscellaneous 1990s

2

9

Correspondence

Ethel, Carlotta Patterson

2

10

Correspondence

Ethel, Saks 5th Avenue

2

11

Correspondence

Ethel, Vernita Seeley

2

12

Correspondence

Ethel, Sims — 1970s

2

13

Correspondence

Ethel, Sims — 1980 to 1984

2

14

Correspondence

Ethel, Sims — 1985 to 1989

2

15

Correspondence

Ethel, Sims — 1990s

2

16

Correspondence

Ethel, Sims — n.d.

2

17

Correspondence

Ethel, Margaret Sullivan

2

18

Correspondence

Ethel, Wedding Announcements

2

19

Correspondence

Licker Family Czechoslovakia

3

00

Ephemera

Esther, Esther Licker Diploma, Tennessee College for Women, 1919

3

00

Ephemera

Ethel, Portrait of Jack Haney

3

00

Ephemera

Ethel, Marriage Certificate, Ethel Licker to Roy Haney, 1918

3

00

Ephemera

Licker Family Christening Gown

4

1

Ephemera

Ethel, Adrian Clientele

4

2

Ephemera

Ethel, Note Cards

4

3

Ephemera

Ethel, Poem, handwritten

4

4

Ephemera

Ethel, Sara Licker funeral

4

5

Ephemera

Ethel, Sam Licker Funeral

4

6

Ephemera

Ethel, Monogrammed Paperweights

5

1

Literature

Ethel, "A Portrait of Joan"

5

2

Literature

Ethel, "Crawford: The Last Years"

5

3

Literature

Ethel, "Sincerely Yours"

5

4

Literature

Ethel, "The Ideal Home"

5

5

Literature

Ethel, "Thinking of You"

5

6

Literature

Ethel, "Why I am a Member of the Church of Christ"

5

7

Literature

Ethel, Christian Science booklets

6

1

Literature

Ethel, "American Fashion"

6

2

Literature

Ethel, "MacArthur the Magnificent"

6

3

Literature

Ethel, Life Magazine, 1941, 1955, 1964, on MacArthur

6

4

Literature

Ethel, Loose Life Magazine articles on MacArthur

6

5

Literature

Ethel, "Soule Female College" (Master's Thesis)

7

1

Newsclippings

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, The Cotton Patch

7

2

Newsclippings

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Critchlow School

7

3

Newsclippings

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Murfreesboro Bank & Trust

7

4

Newsclippings

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, MTSU Historic Costume

7

5

Newsclippings

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, Soule College

7

6

Newsclippings

Esther, Wings for Victory, 1942

7

7

Newsclippings

Esther, The Gatlinburg News, 1939

7

8

Newsclippings

Esther, Local Theater

7

9

Newsclippings

Esther, Solari Theater

7

10

Newsclippings

Ethel, Adolpho

7

11

Newsclippings

Ethel, Adrian

7

12

Newsclippings

Ethel, Adrian Collection

7

13

Newsclippings

Ethel, Beverly Hills

7

14

Newsclippings

Ethel, Bluebeard Play

7

15

Newsclippings

Ethel, J.C. Bradford

7

16

Newsclippings

Ethel, Christian Science Monitor, 1969

7

17

Newsclippings

Ethel, Gordon Conway

7

18

Newsclippings

Ethel, Joan Crawford

7

19

Newsclippings

Ethel, Ethel Licker Haney

7

20

Newsclippings

Ethel, I. Magnin & Co.

7

21

Newsclippings

Ethel, Irene

7

22

Newsclippings

Ethel, MacArthur Visit

7

23

Newsclippings

Ethel, Douglas MacArthur

7

24

Newsclippings

Ethel, Jean Faircloth MacArthur

7

25

Newsclippings

Ethel, Mary Martin & Jane Gaynor

7

26

Newsclippings

Ethel, Miscellaneous

7

27

Newsclippings

Ethel, Obituaries

7

28

Newsclippings

Ethel, Rhea Seddon

7

29

Newsclippings

Licker Family, Jesse Beasley

7

30

Newsclippings

Licker Family, Goldstein's

7

31

Newsclippings

Licker Family, Sam Licker

7

32

Newsclippings

Licker Family, Ziegler

7

33

Newsclippings

Licker Family, Ethel Licker Haney's Obituary

8

1

Printed Material

Bertha, Red Cross

8

2

Printed Material

Bertha, Civilian Defense

8

3

Printed Material

Ethel, Esther, and Bertha, MTSU Historic Costume

8

4

Printed Material

Ethel, Adrian

8

5

Printed Material

Ethel, Adrian Collection

8

6

Printed Material

Ethel, Bullocks-Wilshire

8

7

Printed Material

Ethel, Christian Science

8

8

Printed Material

Ethel, Gibran Gallery Guild

8

9

Printed Material

Ethel, Irene

8

10

Printed Material

Ethel, Jean & Douglas MacArthur

8

11

Printed Material

Ethel, Mary Martin

8

12

Printed Material

Ethel, Florence Rice

8

13

Printed Material

Licker Family, Family Edward Caldwell & Paige Thomas Wedding

8

14

Printed Material

Licker Family, Funeral Receipts